Montessori education supports children in choosing meaningful and challenging work that captures their interest, leading to engagement, intrinsic motivation, sustained attention, and a sense of responsibility to oneself and others. This child-directed work is supported by the design and flow of the Montessori classroom, which is created to ignite each child’s curiosity and to provide the opportunity to work in calm, uncluttered spaces either individually or with peers.
In a Montessori classroom, children are free to move around and explore—in fact, Dr. Maria Montessori, the founder of the movement more than a century ago, designed her classrooms with that in mind. Teachers guide children and keep them on the path to learning, and ensure that the classroom environment is respectful, orderly, and productive.
(The above description is taken from the American Montessori Society website)